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DL 5162-2002
?л????񹲺͹????Ҿ???ó??ίԱ??2002??04??27??׼    2002??09??01ʵʩ
 
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????4??5??9 ʹ???ֳ?ʽ?綯???ߣ?Ӧ?пɿ??İ?ȫ??????ʩ???????????¹涨??
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????2 ?ڳ?ʪ????????ܵȵ??????????õ???ҵ??????????ʹ?â???????綯???ߡ?????ʹ?â???綯?????????װ??©?綯????????????30mA??????ʱ?䲻????0.1s©?籣??????
????3 ????խ?????ڣ????¯?????????????ܵ??ȣ?Ӧʹ?â??๤?ߡ?????ʹ?â???綯???ߣ??????װ??©?綯????????????15mA??????ʱ?䲻????0.1s??©?籣??????
????4??5??10 ????ʩ???????豸?????Ż??????????»??ȣ????????·?İ?ȫ???벻??С?ڱ?4.5.10?Ĺ涨??

??4.5.10 ?????·??ѹ?ȼ????豸?İ?ȫ????
????4??6 ?????빤ҵ????
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????2 ???к?????????????????????????Ķѷų???
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????4??6??2 ?????۳?Σ??????ҵ??????Ӧ??ȡ??????ʩ??ʹ?۳?Ũ?ȷ??ϱ?4.6.2?Ĺ涨?????䱸?㹻?ķ??????ֵȸ????????Ʒ??

??4.6.2 ??ҵ?????۳????????Ũ??
????4??6??3 ????????Σ??????ҵ????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
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????2 ľ??е?????綯???ߡ???ɰ???⡢???졢í????????Σ?????ص???ҵ??Ӧ?䱸?㹻?ķ???????ȷ?????Ʒ??
????3 ְ???Ӵ?????ǿ??Ӧ???ϱ?4.6.3-1?Ĺ涨??
????4 ɰʯ?ϵ????顢ɸ?֡??????????¥???????ṹ???????????????ص?ʩ????ʩ????Ӧ?????ڿ?????????????????ѧУ??ʩ???????????????????Ʋ???????ʱ??Ӧ??ȡ?????ʩ??????ʱ?????????ŷ?Ӧ???ϱ?4.6.3-2?Ĺ涨??

??4.6.3-1 ??ҵ??Ա?Ӵ?????ʱ????????????ǿ?ȱ?׼

??4.6.3-2 ʩ????ҵ?????ŷ???????׼
????4??6??4 ?ײ???????Σ??????ҵ??????Ӧ?????޶???Ͷ???ԭ???ϼ????????ջ?ͨ?硢????װ?û??ȡ?ܱյȴ?ʩ??ʹ?????ŷŷ??ϱ?4.6.4?Ĺ涨????Ӧ?????????ķ?????ߵȷ?????Ʒ??

??4.6.4 ?????ж????ʵ????????Ũ??
????4??6??5 ??????ˮ????????ˮ?ŷż???????????Ĵ???Ӧ?????ҹ????????????йع涨??
????4??6??6 Ӧ??????????ҵ?????ķ۳????????ͳ???????ļ????????????ڼ?⣬??ʱ??????

????5 ʩ???硢ˮ????
????5??1 ????
????5??1??1 ????ѹ????վ????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?????ڱں??ݶ??˲??????????ϡ?
????2 ???????????ŷ罵????ʩ?????ں???????Ŀ???ѹ????վ????????Ӧ????ȡů?豸??
????3 ????????????????????????ġ?
????4 ??ȴˮ????Χ???з??????ˡ?
????5 ά??ƽ̨?͵綯?????ӵ???ΧӦ???з??????ˣ??????²?Ӧ?з???????壬?ع?Ӧ????ǰ塣
????6 ??????ռ?????
????5??1??2 ????ѹ??????װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ѹ?????????ڱ???װ??????????????
????2 ѹ????????ȫ??????ѹװ?õ???ȫ???????????????йع涨???ڼ???ͱ궨??
????5??1??3 ?????ޱ???????ѹ????????ȫ???Ȱ?ȫװ?ã??????????йع涨???ڼ???ͱ궨??
????5??1??4 ?????·?????ڹ?ʯ??????????????ʱ??Ӧ????????????÷?????ǽ???????о????־?????¶ȴ???15°???????????·ʱ???ܵ???Ӧ?赲??֧?ţ????????Ӧ??̶?֧?ա?
????5??1??5 ?ƶ?ʽ????ѹ???????磬?????з??ꡢ??ɹ?????ʩ??
????5??1??6 ʩ???ֳ????罺??Ӧ?з??ѡ??????ȴ?ʩ??
????5??2 ????ˮ
????5??2??1 ˮ??վ??????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?????ȹ̡??????ȶ???
????2 ????ר?ŵ?ֵ?๤??????
????3 ?䱸?з?????????????µȾ????豸??
????4 ?䱸?ɿ???ͨ????ʩ??
????5??2??2 ?³?ʽ??վ???³?????϶?Ӧ?????г???λװ?ã??¶????е???װ?ã?ȡˮλ??Ӧ?????Ե?ͣ????־??
????5??2??3 ????ʽ??վ???????ȡ?ڴ?ê?̴?ʩ?????????к???ƻ??źŵơ?
????5??2??4 ??ˮ?صIJ???Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?ػ??ȹ̡??????ȶ?????ˮ??ͨ??
????2 ????ָʾ?ơ????????ȼ???ˮλ??ʾ????װ?á?
????3 ˮ?غͳؼ?ͨ???ı?Ե???иַ??????ˡ?
????5??2??5 ??ˮ??????ʩ??????Ӧ???н??????????к?ˮ?أ????з??????ߡ?
????5??2??6 ??????ˮ??·???????Բ???ʱӦ?з??ѡ??????ȴ?ʩ??
????5??2??7 ʩ???ֳ???ˮӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??ˮϵͳӦ???㹻????ˮ?????ͱ?????????
????2 ??ˮϵͳ???豸Ӧ??????Ķ?????Դ???硣
????3 ????????ˮ?ܳ??ڣ????????ˮ?ȣ??IJ??????ܿ?Χ???½ż????ܳ?ˢ?ƻ??Ľ???????µȣ??????ÿɿ??ķ???ˢ??ʩ??
????5??3 ????
????5??3??1 ʩ???????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ???б???װ?ã??ӵص??費????10Ω??
????2 ??????ˮ?????۵???ʩ?????¶Ȳ?ӦС??5‰??
????3 ???ڱ???豸??Χ???о?????С??1.0m??ά??ͨ???????????װ????????Ѳ??С????
????4 ???վ??Χ???и߶Ȳ?????2m??ʵ??Χǽ??Χ????
????5 ͨ??????????⿪??????????
????6 ?????????ķ?????ɰ????Ӧ??????ġ?
????7 ??ѹ?????豸???и߶Ȳ?????1.7m?????׿??Ȳ?????40mm×40mm??դ?????????????а?ȫ?????־??
????8 ????ר?ŵ?ֵ?๤???ҡ?
????5??3??2 ʩ????ѹ???İ?װʹ?ñ?????????¹涨??
????1 ???и߶Ȳ?????1.7m??դ???ʹ??????ţ????о????־??
????2 ??????ʽ??װ???ײ?????治ӦС??2.5m??
????3 ??ǽӵص??費????4Ω??
????5??3??3 ʩ???ֳ?????磨?䣩????????Ȱ?װʹ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????????̣??䣩??????????????????????ͨ?????߶??Ӱ????ӵı??????㡣
????2 װ??©?籣??????
????3 ???÷?????ʩ??
????4 ??????߶Ȳ?????1.0m??
????5??3??4 ʩ???õ???·????ʹ??Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ʩ????????·Ӧ?ܿշ??裬??߶Ȳ??õ???5.0m?????????ѹ?ȼ??İ?ȫҪ??
????2 ?????ߵ??¿ɲ?????ط??裬??????Ȳ?ӦС??0.6m????Ӧ?ڵ???????????0.3m???ϸɰ?????㡣?????????·Ӧ?????Ա?־??
????3 ??·??Խ??·?????ܻ?е???˵ij???ʱ?????????׹ܷ????????ڲ????н?ͷ????ܿ?Ӧ?ܷ⡣
????4 ?ڹ???????ּ??ϰ?װ?õ???·??????????ר?õĺᵣ???Ե?ӵȡ?
????5 ??ҵ????õ???·?߶Ȳ?????2.5m??
????6 ?????ƶ??豸????ʩ?Ĺ?????±??????е??½??̣???????????Ա???????????????þߡ?
????7 ???????ڷ?????õ???·Ӧ???úᵣ???Ե???ؾ????????ڹ̶???
????5??3??5 ʩ???ֳ??򳵼??ڵı????װ?þ?Ӧ??????????դ?????????????????¹涨??
????1 ??ѹ?豸?????߶Ȳ?Ӧ????1.7m???²???Ե??ظ߶Ȳ?Ӧ????0.1m??
????2 ??ѹ?豸?????????߶Ȳ?Ӧ????1.5m???????????߶Ȳ?Ӧ????1.2m???????²???Ե??ظ߶Ȳ?Ӧ????0.2m??
????3 ???????ײ?Ӧ????40mm×40mm??դ??????಻Ӧ????0.2m??

????6 ??ʯ??????
????6??1 ??ʯ??????
????6??1??1 ??ʯ??????ʩ??Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??ҵ??Ӧ???㹻???豸???г??غ?ʩ????Աͨ????
????2 ???¡????¡???????ԵӦ?з???Χ???????Ծ????־??
????3 ʩ????е?豸??ɫ???????ƹ⡢?ƶ?????ҵ?źš???ʾװ????ȫ?ɿ???
????4 ????????˲???ʪʽ??ҵ???????ø?ʽ??ҵ?????в???װ?á?
????6??1??2 ?ڸ߱??¡??????塢???ӡ???ۼ???Ҫ?????︽?????ڣ?Ӧ????Ӧ?ɿ???ֹ̮???İ?ȫ?????ͼ???ʩ??
????6??1??3 ?????????ɻ????Ĺ????ۡ??ӡ?Ѩ??ҵʱӦ???ÿɿ??ĵ?????????̱?֧?š?
????6??1??4 ?¸ߴ???5.0m???¶ȴ???45°?ĸ߱??¡?????ӿ?????ҵ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?????Ʊ?????5m??Χ?ڵĸ?ʯ?????
????2 ?????¶???ˮ?칵??
????3 ?¶?Ӧ???ð?ȫ??????????????????????߶Ȳ??õ???2m???????????˲???Ӳ??Բľ???????壬Բľֱ??????С??10cm??
????4 ????ÿ?½?һ??̨??Ӧ????һ?????£??Բ??????ʹ???Ӧ??ȡ??Ч?ķ?????ʩ??
????6??1??5 ????ʩ??Ӧ??GB 6722?涨ִ?У?ͬʱ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ʩ????????ҵ??Χ300m????ΪΣ??????Σ???????ڲ????з?ʩ????????ʩ????Σ???????ڵ???????ʩ?豸Ӧ??ȡ??Ч?ķ?????ʩ??
????2 ????Σ??????߽??????ͨ??Ӧ???????Ե???ʾ??־????ƣ??????涨?ı???ʱ???Σ??????ķ?Χ??
????3 ????????????Ч????????Ӿ???ʾװ?ã?ʹΣ????????Ա??????????????Ϳ?????ʾ?źš?
????6??1??6 ??ʯΧ?߲??ʩ??Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ˮ?ϲ???Χ?߲??ʱ??Ӧ???н?ͨ?;????־??Χ???????ԵӦ???̮???????߼???־??
????2 Χ?߻????????ֲ??ñ??Ʋ??ʱ??Ӧ???ϱ?????ҵ???йع涨????ҪʱӦ???и??Ƿ?????
????3 ˮ?²???Χ?߲???????????й???????ҵ??Ա?????ľ????µȷ?????Ʒ??
????4 Χ??ˮ?¿???Ӱ??ͨ??ʱ??Ӧ?????????ܲ???Ҫ????????ʱ?????ƹ??źű?ʾ?ȡ?
????6??2 ??ʯ??????
????6??2??1 ??ʯ????????е?豸?ĵƹ⡢?ƶ????źš?????װ????ȫ?ɿ???
????6??2??2 ˮ??????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ????????Ӧ????ˮ?????ټ????ʩ??
????2 ??ˮ??????ʯ?顢ʯ?????????豸???????????ι̣??˹?????Ӧ?з?ֹ??Ա׹??Ĵ?ʩ??Ӧ??ʩ?ȴ?ʩ??
????6??2??3 ??ʯ????????????ѹ????ʵ??ҵʱ??Ӧ???ñ?Ե?????ߣ??豸????ʩ?????????ι̣?????װ??Ӧ?з??ѡ????ϴ?ʩ??
????6??2??4 ??ʯ?????????????¡?????Ӧ????????ͨ????˫????ҵ?????ڵ???????
????6??3 ???¹??̿???
????6??3??1 ????????ʩ??Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?????õ???ˮ??ʩ??
????2 Ӧ??ʱ????????????ʱ???ڡ??ڶ??????????Ӧ???õ???ǽ???ʯ?ۣ????ڶ???????????ľ???ܷ??????˳???᷽??????????ⳤ?Ȳ???С??5m??
????3 ???????ϱ??º??????ұڲ?????ʱ??Ӧ??????ê֧?????????????֧???ȴ?ʩ??
????6??3??2 ????ʩ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ɢ???????????顢??ˮ?Ȳ????????????½???ʩ???Զ?????????Ӧ????ê?硢ԤӦ??ê??????ľ???ܻ????????????Χ??֧????ʩ??
????2 ?ڵ??ʹ??츴?ӡ?????ˮ?ḻ??Σ?յضκͶ??ҹؼ??ضΣ?Ӧ????Χ?Ҽ??ϵͳ??ƺͼ???Ҫ???????????ơ????ơ??????Ƶȼ????????
????3 ??????ȴ??ڶ???5??ʱ??Ӧ??ȡ??еͨ???ʩ???ͷ?????????????ʩ????Ա??????????Ҫ??3m3/??·?֣???????????嵭???ų???ըʩ?????????̳???Ҫ??
????4 ??????ױ??????ʪʽ??ҵ??
????5 ???б??ƺ󽵳???????ˮ??ʩ??
????6 ????ʹ????ȼ??ʩ???豸??Ӧ???з???????װ?ã?????ʹ?????ͷ?????ʩ???豸??
????7 ???ڵ??汣??ƽ????????ˮ???????±?ԵӦ????ˮ????
????8 Ӧ???ڼ?ⶴ?ڷ۳??????????ж????塣
????6??3??3 б??????????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??ʱ???????ڡ?
????2 ???????и߶Ȳ?????1.2m?ķ???Χ????Χ???ײ???0.5m??Ӧȫ??ա?
????3 ????Ӧ???????????ݡ?????Ӧ?????ι̣?̤??ƽ?룬???й?Ȧ????Ϣƽ̨??
????4 ʩ????ҵ???뾮??Ӧ?пɿ???ͨ??װ?ú??ź?װ?á?
????5 ???????10mӦ????ͨ????????ʩ??
????6 ʩ???÷硢ˮ???????Ӧ?ؾ??ڹ̶??ι̡?
????6??3??4 ??????????ʩ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????Ӧ???ô??ܰ?ȫ?????ƶ?ʽ??ȫ?
????2 ?????Ͽ?Ӧ??ɿ??Ĺ???ƽ̨??б???²????ý?????????
????3 ??????е???ÿɿ?????λװ?á?????װ?á?????????װ?ú??ȶ?????װ?á?
????6??3??5 ???÷?????ʩ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?????²?????Ӧ???㹻?Ĵ??????أ??????㹻????????
????2 ????????Ӧ???ð?ȫΧ???;????־??
????3 ???????ޡ???????ҵʱ??????Ӧ????????????

????7 ????????
????7??1 ?ཬ
????7??1??1 ?ཬ??ҵӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??Ҫ?̶??????????????3????ê??????????ӦС??????????϶?????1.5????
????2 ??????ҵ????????ͨ??Ӧ???ֳ?ͨ??Σ?ճ????Ӧ???о????־??ַ?????ʩ??
????3 б??ʩ??Ӧ????ƽ?????ι̣???ȫϵ????????1.3?Ĺ???ƽ̨????????ܱ?Ӧ??0.5m~1.0m?İ?ȫ???룬?ٿ??????иֻ??Ϸ??????ˣ?б????ƽ̨??Ӧ????ͨ??????ݡ?
????4 ?ֳ?ͨ?硢???????ã?ˮԴ???㡣
????7??1??2 ??ѧ?ཬ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ר?ŵĸ??ֲ??϶ѷŴ????????Դ???????“??ֹ??ʳ”??“??ֹ????”?Ⱦ????־??
????2 ????????ר????????ġ?
????3 ?????㹻??ʩ????Ա????ķ?????ߡ??????۾??????????ס?????Ь???þߡ?
????4 Ӧ?з?ֹ??Ⱦ?????Ĵ?ʩ??
????7??1??3 ?ཬƤ??Ӧȷ???ཬѹ????Ҫ????Ӧ???㹻?İ?ȫϵ?????Ϸ????????ˡ?
????7??2 ??ע׮??????????ǽ?????ӹ?
????7??2??1 ????????װ????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 Φ?˱???Ӧ??ֱ????С??16mm?ĸ?˿?????????Բ?С??φ75???޷?ֹ???ǰ?š?
????2 ??????ê?????С??1.2m????????ˮƽ??нDz?Ӧ????45°??
????7??2??2 ???????Ҫ????ӦͿ????Ӧ??ʾ??ʶ??ɫ??
????7??2??3 ????????ǽʩ?????ۿڱ??밲ȫ?ȹ̣?????ͷ??????λ?⣬???ಿλ????Ӧ?????㹻???????IJ۸ǰ塣?۸ǰ???ۿڵĴ?ӳ??Ȳ?ӦС??10cm??
????7??2??4 ????׮?͵???????ǽ????????????Ӧ??????ǰ??ʱ?????????档
????7??2??5 ???ӹ???ҵ?ֳ???Ӧ???з???Ҫ??ĵ????ȳ???ͨ??????ҵ??Ӧ?????õ???ˮ??ʩ????????ת??Χ??ԵӦ???а?ȫ?????־??

????8 ɰʯ??????
????8??1 ????
????8??1??1 ?????е???Ͽڲ?λ???????ý???ƽ̨???????û???????????ʱ??ƽ̨Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ƽ????????ˮ????Ӧ???¶ȡ?ƽ̨???Ȳ???С?????ϳ??????ȵ?1.5???????Ȳ???С?????ϳ??????ȵ?2.5????
????2 ƽ̨????Ͽ????Ӵ????????û?????????????߶???0.2m~0.3mΪ?ˣ????Ȳ?С??0.3m,???Ȳ?С?ڽ??Ͽڿ??ȡ?
????3 ????????????ϵĴ?ʩ??
????8??1??2 ?????е???Ͽڳ?????????????ƽ̨????ı?Ե?????????øַ??????ˣ????????Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??0.8m??ͨ????
????8??1??3 ?????е???Ͽڴ??????˹???????ʯ?򳬾?ʯ?Ĺ???ƽ̨???䳤??Ӧ??С??1m??????С??0.8m,?????ߵ???ӣ???Χ???÷??????ˡ?
????8??1??4 ?????е?Ľ??Ͽںͳ??Ͽ?????????ˮ?Ƚ???װ?á?
????8??1??5 ??????Ľ???ƽ̨???????ҡ????Ͽڵ?֮??Ӧ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??0.8m??????ͨ??????ݡ?ͨ???ٿ???߶ȴ???2mʱ??Ӧ???÷??????ˡ?
????8??2 ɸ??
????8??2??1 ɸ?ֻ?е??װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ɸ??¥Ӧ???ñ???װ?ã??ӵص??費????10Ω??
????2 ?????豸???пɿ???ָʾ?Ƶ????????????????С?ͣ??????????ϵ?źš?
????3 ?豸?ܱ?Ӧ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??1m??ͨ????
????4 ɸ???豸ǰӦ???ó???????С??ɸ??????1.5???ļ???ƽ̨??
????5 ɸ???豸????֮??Ӧ????????һ?????ϸַ??ݻ??????¥?ݣ?¥?ݿ???Ӧ??С??0.8m????Ե???÷????????ˡ?
????8??2??2 ɸ??¥?Ľ??Ͽڣ?????????ˮ?Ƚ????豸????ɸ?˲??õ????????ܽ????ϡ?
????8??3 ??ˮ???˹???ɰ
????8??3??1 ??ɰ????ϴ???????ɰ????ΧӦ???п?1m???ϵ?ͨ????
????8??3??2 ????ϴɰ?ۡ?ϴ??۵??ϲ?Ӧ???÷???Ҫ??İ?ȫ????????
????8??3??3 Ӧ????ר????ˮ??????ˮ?ܴ???ϴɰ??ϴ??ȷ?ˮ??
????8??3??4 ??ĥ??ת??Ͳ????????ͨ???ľ??벻ӦС??1.5m,?????÷?????(??)??ͨ?????ĥ????????װ????????????Ȳ?С??5m?Ĺ???ƽ̨??
????8??4 ????
????8??4??1 ??ȡ?ϻ?е??װ????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ???߹??Ӧƽֱ???????????¶?ӦС??3%??
????2 ??????пɿ??ļй?װ?á?
????3 ?????????????С?ͣ???????ϵ????졢?ƹ??????????ź?װ?á?
????4 ???????Ӧ???????ֹ??????߶Ȳ?ӦС???г??ְ뾶??
????8??4??2 Ƥ??????װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ͷ?ܺ?β?ܵ??????֡??Ӷ???Ӧ???з??????????ȷ???װ?á????÷?????ʱ????????ת???֡??????֮??ľ??벻ӦС??0.5m???????ڷ?????0.7m???ϡ????÷?????ʱ?????׿ڳߴ粻?˴???50mm×50mm??
????2 ???????õ?Ƥ??????Ƥ??????Ӧ????Ȳ?С??0.8m???ߵ???
????3 ?ܿ?????Ƥ????ʱ??????Ӧ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??0.5m???ߵ????ߵ??װ??˲?ȡ??????ʩ???ߵ????Ӧ???з??????ˡ?
????4 Ƥ????ǰ???Ӧ?????¹ʿ??أ???Ƥ?????ȴ???100mʱ????Ƥ?????в???Ӧ?????¹ʿ??أ??¹ʿ???Ӧ??װ????Ŀ???ײ?????λ?ã??????????Ա?־??
????5 ???ȳ???60mƤ???в?Ӧ????Ƥ???????????ţ????Ÿ߶Ⱦ?Ƥ??????С??0.5m??
????6 ?????????????С?ͣ???????ϵ????졢?ƹ??????????ź?װ?á?
????8??4??3 ?ܿ?Ƥ????????????·??????ͨ??????Ҫ??ʩ???豸??ʱ???²?Ӧ???з??????????????Ҫ??
????1 ????Ӧ????ľ?塢???ְ?ȿ?????IJ??ϣ????????޷?϶??
????2 ?????︲???????Ӧ????Ƥ???????????0.75m??????Ӧ???????ĵ?·?????1m??
????3 ?????????????Ե??޸߾????־??
????8??4??4 ????Ƥ??????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ????Ӧ??ȡ?????????????ϲ????ð?ȫ??ǽ????ʩ??
????2 ?????߶Ȳ?Ӧ????2m??Χ???ȶ???
????3 Ƥ????һ??Ӧ????Ȳ?С??0.8m??ͨ????
????4 ???ڵ???Ӧ??????ˮ????????ˮ??ͨ??

????9 ??????????
????9??1 ģ?幤??
????9??1??1 ľģ??ӹ????????䣩Ӧ??ȡ??Ӧ??ȫ?????ʩ????????????Ҫ??
????1 ???䳧????ԭ???ϴ???֮??ľ??벻??С??10m??
????2 ????֮??Ӧ????·????С??3.5m??????????,?????ڳ?ͨ??
????3 ???????豸???豸֮?䡢?豸??ǽ?ڵ??ϰ???֮??ľ??벻??С??2m??
????4 ????ˮԴ?ɿ???????˨?????????????????????????
????5 ??????ڡ??ӹ????估??Ҫ??λӦ??????Ŀ??“?Ͻ??̻?”?ľ????־??
????9??1??2 ľ?ļӹ???е??װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ÿ̨?豸??װ???¹ʽ???ͣ?????????أ????????豸?ľ???Ӧ??????5m???????????Եı?־??
????2 ?ٳ???????Ӧ???и߶Ȳ?????0.5m?????Ȳ????ڹ????2????ľ?ʷ??????ˡ?
????3 Ӧ?䱸?о?Ƭ?????֡???м?֡?Ƥ???????ֵȰ?ȫ????װ?ã???Ƭ?????ֵײ??빤???ļ?಻Ӧ????20mm???ڻ???ֹͣ????ʱ??????Ӧȫ???ڸ?ס??Ƭ??
????9??1??3 ????ģ??ӹ??밲װӦ???????¹涨??
????1 Ӧ????ר?õ?????
????2 Ӧ????Ȳ?С??0.4m?IJ???ƽ̨???ߵ??????ٿձ?Ե???иַ??????ˡ?
????3 ?ߴ???ҵ??װģ??ʱ??ģ????ٿ????·?Ӧ????ˮƽ???Ȳ?С??2m?İ?ȫ?????????㹻??ȫ????
????9??1??4 ??ģ??װʹ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ƽ̨?Ŀ??Ȳ???С??0.8m???ٿձ?Ե???÷??????ˣ??²?????ˮƽ???????Ȳ?С??2m?İ?ȫ????????ƽ̨??????Ķ??ף?Ӧ?б?־???ԵĻ?ǰ塣
????2 ????ƽ̨Ӧ????????ͨ???ź?װ?ú͹???Ա???µ???ʩ??
????3 ??????Ա?????ϵļ??׹????????ƽ̨?νӴ???Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??0.8m?İ?ȫ???壬????Ӧ????ֻ?ַ??????ˡ?
????4 ??????Ա?Ļ?е??װ??Ӧִ??10.5?Ĺ涨??
????5 ?????????ﻬģ?????꼾??ʩ??ʱ??Ӧ???б???װ?ã??ӵص??費?˴???10Ω??
????9??1??5 ??ģ̨???ĸ???Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??0.5m?IJ???ƽ̨,ƽ̨??ΧӦ???иַ??????˺͵??Ű壬????????Ӧ?з??֣???ֱ????Ӧ???軤Ȧ??
????9??2 ?ֽ??
????9??2??1 ?ֽ?ӹ????????䣩Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ??????Ӧ?IJ??ϡ???Ʒ????Ʒ?ѷų??ء?
????2 ??????·???߾?Ե???ã???ֹ???????ߡ?
????3 ?????ƾ????з??????֡?
????9??2??2 ?ֽ?ӹ??豸??װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?豸??ǽ?ڡ??豸???豸֮??ľ??벻??С??1.5m??
????2 ÿ̨?豸Ӧ???ж??????¹ʽ???ͣ?????غʹ??籣???????¹ʽ???ͣ??????Ӧװ??????Ŀ???ײ?????λ?ã????????Ա?־??
????3 ?????ֽ?ľ????ǰ????һ??Ӧ????ľ???????壬????Ȳ?ӦС??3m???߶Ȳ?С??1.8m???????ÿ׾?Ϊ200cm?Ĺ۲?ף????߾???????????????ó?90°???????÷??ʽ?????֡?
????4 ??????ҵ????Ӧ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??4m?????????Ծ????־?Ĺ???????
????9??2??3 ?ֽ????ӹ?Ӧ????Ӧ??????ʩ?????и????????Ʒ??
????9??2??4 ??2m???ϸߴ?????Ӱ????ֽ?Ͱ?װ?Ǽ?ʱ??Ӧ??????Ӧ???ּܺ?????ƽ̨???????а?ȫ????
????9??2??5 ?ֽ????????ʩ???У?Ҫ??纸???ӵؿɿ????????߾?Ե???ò?װ??©?籣??????
????9??3 ??????????
????9??3??1 ????ϵͳ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????Ӧ??Ϊ?????Ľ????????????Ӧ?ö????ͻ???ϻ???ȼ???ϣ????費???ڵij???ڲ?????2????
????2 ?Ŵ????⿪??ǽ???ϡ??²???????????
????3 ?????????????????ġ?ר?÷?????ߡ?????ҩƷ?ͽⶾ???ϡ?
????4 ?豸???ܵ??????š??????ܷ????ã??ж???У??ϸ?İ?ȫ????йѹ????װ?á?
????5 ?豸???豸???豸??ǽ֮??ľ???Ӧ??С??1.5m????????Ѳ?Ӽ??ͨ????
????6 ?????豸????ʩ????㲼??ʱ??Ӧ????????????ͨ?????ݡ?
????9??3??2 ???վ??¥???IJ???Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????֮?????иַ??ݻ?ͨ?????ٿձ?Ե???????ˡ?
????2 ??ƽ̨?ı?ԵӦ???иַ??????˻?ǽ?塣
????3 ???㡢????????λ֮??Ӧ???????졢?ƹ?Ȳ?????ϵ?;???ָʾ?źš?
????4 ??ͻ?е?豸??ΧӦ???п??Ȳ?С??0.6m??Ѳ?Ӽ??ͨ????
????5 Ӧ???кϸ?ı???װ?á?
????9??3??3 ???վ??¥??Ӧ?????????????????ʩ???????ж????ĸ??????????????????ƣ??ҡ?ˮ?ࡢ??ú?ҵ????ͽ??ϡ??????ܷ????ã???й©??
????9??3??4 ˮ??ͷ?ú?ҹ޴???????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ???塢?ܵ??????????ܣ???й©??
????2 ?޶????Ÿ????ò?С?ڶ??????????֮һ??ƽ̨??ƽ̨??Χ???????˺͵??Ű壬????ƽ̨?????潨?????·??ʩ֮??Ӧ????ջ?š????ݡ?
????3 ?????????ƹ?װ?úʹӶ??Ǵ?ֱ???µ????ݡ?
????4 ??װˮ??????Ӧ??????Ч?ij???װ?á?
????5 ???й???ҵ??Աʹ?õķ??????ֵȷ?????Ʒ??
????9??3??5 ??͡????䡢???޲??ʱӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??????ȫ???????????ͨ????Ӧ??ר?˼໤??
????2 ?ϲ???ʱ???·?Ӧ?谲ȫ????
????3 ?ֳ?Ӧ?䱸??ȫ?????????????????ߵȷ?????Ʒ??
????9??4 ??????????
????9??4??1 ??????????????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?õ???·Ӧʹ??ľ??֧?ţ??߶?Ӧ??????2.5m???Ͻ????????߻???Ƥ?ߣ????¾?Ե???ã???װ???¹ʽ????жϿ??ػ򴥵籣??????
????2 Ӧ????Ȳ?С??0.5m??????ͨ????ջ?Ż????ľ?ݡ?
????3 ??ϴ????ë?ȷ?ˮӦ?????ŷš?
????4 ɰ?ޡ???ë????ѹ???????豸Ӧ??רҵ???ż???ϸ?
????5 ???в?????Աʹ?õķ?????ߡ???Ե???ס???Ͳ??ѥ?ȷ?????Ʒ??
????9??4??2 ??????????ƽ̨???ְ?Ӧ??????ƽ?????ٿձ?ԵӦ????????˺͵??Ű壬???Ͽ???ͣ??ʱӦ?ӸǷ?ա?
????9??4??3 ???????綯???????????Ե???ã???װ???д??籣??????
????9??4??4 ?񵷳???ƽ?ֻ?Ӧ?е???????װ?á???Ŀ??ɫ???ƹ??źš?
????9??4??5 Ƥ?????????????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 Ƥ????????ƽ?ȡ?֧???ȹ̣??????????????ɿ???Ƥ??????֧?????????Բֱ?ģ??Ϊ֧?Ż?????Ƥ????????Ӧ??߶Ȳ?С??0.5m?ĵ??塣
????2 ???϶???Χ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??1.2m???ߵ???ƽ̨??ƽ̨???????з??????ˡ?
????3 ????ͨ????϶?ƽ̨??ͨ???????ݻ????ݡ?
????9??4??6 ˮ?»?????????ƽ̨Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ƽ̨??ԵӦ???иַ??????˺͵??Ű塣
????2 ƽ̨?밶?????????֮??Ӧ???þ????ȷ???Ľ?ͨջ?ţ????????øַ??????ˡ?
????3 Ӧ??????Ӧ?????¡?????Ȧ??ˮ?Ͼ?????????Ʒ??
????9??4??7 ???¹??̻?????????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?õ??豸?ĵ?Դ??·Ӧ??Ե???ã???װ?д??籣?????ȱ???װ?á?
????2 ???ܷ???׹??IJ?λӦ???ð?ȫ???????;????־??

????10 ????????
????10??1 ˮƽ????
????10??1??1 ʩ???????????????·Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ??·???¶Ȳ??˴???8%??????̾???ض???󲻵ó???12%????·??ͷ??????С?뾶????С??15m??·????Ȳ???С??ʩ?????????ȵ?1.5?????????????лᳵλ?á?
????2 ?ڼ??䡢???µ?Σ??·???Ҳ?Ӧ??????Ӧ?????־????·??ʩ??????????????ָ???־??
????3 ?߱???·?ٿձ?ԵӦ???а?ȫ?յ?ǽ?????⾯???־??
????4 ?????????ٱ?Ӧ???ø߶Ȳ?????0.3m????Ȳ?С??0.6m??ʯ????Ϊ????.?Ͽ??????ٱ?Ӧ???û???????????
????5 ??????ɨ??ά???豸??????·????á????ࡢ?޻?ˮ??
????6 ?й??̳???????????ж??ר?õ?ͣ??????ϴ???????ء?
????10??1??2 ????????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?????ƶ??????򡢵ƹ⡢?????װ?????á??ɿ????????????첿?ż??ϸ?
????2 ???涨?䱸??Ӧ?????????ġ?
????3 ??ѩ????????Ӧ?䱸?з?????????????ľ?ȷ??????ġ?
????4 ?͹޳??????ֳ????????ҹ涨?䱸??ȫ??ʩ????Ϳ????????ɫ??־??
????5 ˮ??޳??ܷ????ã?????й©??
????6 ???̳??????ɫ??????Ŀ?????ࡣ
????10??1??3 ????????ĵ?·Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ·?治??ˮ?????????¶?ӦС??3%??
????2 ????????Ķ˲?Ӧ???иֹ쳵??????߶Ȳ????ڻ????ֵİ뾶???????к?ɫ?????źŵơ?
????3 ????????????Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??0.6m??????ͨ????????ͨ??Ϊ?ߴ?ͨ??ʱ???ٿձ?Ӧ???÷??????ˡ?
????4 ??????????ֳ???·??????ͨ???ȵĽ???·??Ӧ???????Եľ????־????ר??ֵ??໤??
????5 ?????????߶Ȳ????ڻ????Լ?װ?˻?????ʩ?߶ȵ?1.2???????Ȳ?С?ڳ????Լ???????ʩ?????ȼ?1.2m??
????6 ????ר?õĻ??????޹????
????7 ͨ????ϵ?ź???ȫ?ɿ???
????10??1??4 ???ڹ?·????·??ˮ·???䰴?????йط??桢??׼ִ?С?
????10??2 ??ֱ????
????10??2??1 ???????ػ?е???뾭????רҵ???鲿?ż???ϸ?
????10??2??2 ???ػ?е???пռ??ڲ??????ϰ????????·???????????????ʩ???ռ??Ե?뽨?????ʩ????ʩ??ɽ??ľ???Ӧ??С??2m????ܿ??????·?ľ?????ϱ?4.5.10?Ĺ涨??
????10??2??3 ???ػ?е?豸?ƶ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ?????ն?3m??Ӧ???ø߶Ȳ?С???г??ְ뾶?ļ???λ???赲װ?ã????þ????־??
????2 ????????Ӧ???ÿ??Ȳ?С??0.5m???ߵ????ߵ?ƽ?????̡????ߵ?Ϊ?ߴ?ͨ??ʱ??Ӧ???÷??????ˡ?
????3 ??????Ӧ??????ˮ????
????10??2??4 ???ػ?е??װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ???ػ?еӦ?䱸???ء??????ָʾװ?úͺ??ء????ء??߶ȡ??г̵???λ?????Ƽ?????װ?á?
????2 ????˾????Ӧ???硢???ꡢ??ɹ?????????ã??ذ????о?Ե??㡣
????3 ????ר???????ҵ?????????в???????ƹ??????źš?
????4 ¶?칤?????ػ?е?ĵ????豸Ӧװ?з????֡?
????5 ?????????߲??ּ??豸????Ӧ?о????־??Ϳ?о?ʾɫ?ꡣ
????10??2??5 ??ʽ????ʽ????ʽ???ػ?е??װ???л?Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ???о????治????10mm??ɨ??塣
????2 ??????????κ?һ??Ľӵص???Ӧ??????4Ω??
????3 ¶?첼??ʱ??Ӧ?пɿ??ı???װ?ã????׽ӵص???Ӧ??????30Ω??
????4 ??ʽ???ػ????绬??Ӧ???????ĶԱ???ɫ?;?ʾ??־?????ݡ??ߵ??뻬?߼?ʹ󳵻??߶˵Ķ?????Ӧ???з???Ҫ??ķ?????????????
????5 ??㲼?õ???ʽ???ػ??????²????ػ??Ļ???Ӧ??ȫ?????з????塣
????6 ?š???ʽ???ػ?Ӧ?пɿ??ĵ????Զ?????װ?á?
????7 ?š???ʽ???ػ???ߵ㼰?ڶ?Ӧװ?к?ɫ?ϰ?ָʾ?ƺ;????־??
????10??2??6 ??̥ʽ???ػ?е?ڹ?·?????߻?Ӧ???ϻ??????????йع涨??
????10??2??7 ʹ?ðǸ?ʽ???ػ??????????ػ?еӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ??ʩ?????????豸Ҫ???????ư?װʹ?á?
????2 ??װ?ص?Ӧ?ܿ?????????
????3 ?ƶ?װ?ÿɿ???????????????
????4 ???и߶???????????λ???ء?
????5 ???????Ӧ???ù????ɡ???·??©?籣??װ???⣬??Ӧ???ø??Ͽ??ء?
????6 ?̶??Ǹ˵??·????????????ĸ???
????7 ??????ƽ̨?????Ӵ?Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??0.5m???ߵ?????Ե???з??ֺ????ˡ?
????8 ?????Ӧ????????
????10??3 ?»?????
????10??3??1 ?»????뾭????רҵ???鲿?ż???ϸ?
????10??3??2 ?»?????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ???????ܡ?????????????пռ????????·?ľ???Ӧ????4.5.10?Ĺ涨??
????2 ???????ܡ????߻?????Ե??ɽ?????֮??ľ???Ӧ??С??1.5m?????ȶ??ı???Ӧ?н???ʯ?????????ǽ????ê֧???Ȼ??塣
????3 ?г?????????С??20m?IJ?װ?????޳??ء?
????4 ???ջ?Ż?????ƽ̨??Ե?ٿո߶ȴ???2mʱ??????????Ӧ???п??Ȳ?С??1m???ߵ????ٿ??????з??????ˡ?
????5 ?ֹ?ӵص??費Ӧ????4Ω??
????6 ???????Ӧ???м???Ҹ߶Ȳ?????1m??ֹ????ʩ??
????10??3??3 ?»???װ????Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ???дӵ???ͨ???»?????е?????ҡ?????С???Ϳ??Ʋ????ҵȴ?????ͨ????¥?ݻ???ݡ?
????2 ???????????ϵ?ͨ??????װ?ú?ͳһ???졢?ƹ?ָ???źš?
????3 ??????ˮƽ?ƶ?λ?Ƽ??ޡ????????????½??߶ȼ??ޡ?????С??ˮƽ?ƶ????޵ȸ??ֿ???????װ??Ӧ??ȫ??Ч??
????4 ???пɿ??ķ???й?????ɨ??塣
????5 ????ר????????Դ?Ϳɿ??Ĺ????еơ?
????6 ??????????ߵ㡢?????Ȳ?λӦ???к?ɫ?ź?ָʾ?ƻ򾯸??־??
????7 ????װ?ÿɿ????ӵص??費?˴???10Ω??
????8 ???е????IJ?????ֵ?๤???ң??????????߿????????????ã????о?Ե?档
????9 ?????????????????ؿ????ҡ?ֵ???ҵȴ???Ӧ????????????????ġ?
????10 ?»?????С??????ƽ̨????Ӧ???и߶Ȳ?????1.2m?ĸַ??????ˣ??ײ??????и߶Ȳ?С??0.3m???Ű壬ƽ̨?ײ????̣??????п׶????????й???????ҵ??Աʹ?õİ?ȫ????
????10??4 ???????ػ?е???
????10??4??1 ??ʽ????ʽ????ʽ?????????ػ??ȴ??????ػ?е???ڲ??ǰӦ????ʩ??????????ػ??ص㣬?ƶ????ʩ???????????Ͱ?ȫ??ʩ??
????10??4??2 ???????ػ?е?IJ??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ֳ???ΧӦ???а?ȫΧ??????ɫ?????룬?????þ????־??
????2 ????ռ????????·????С????Ӧ????4.2.15?Ĺ涨??
????3 ?????????Χ?ڵ??豸??ͨ???Ϸ?Ӧ???÷????
????4 ???з?ֹ?ڲ???????????߻??????Ƶ?????װ?á?
????5 ???ȶ??Ĺ???Ӧ?????·??˿?????·????İ?ȫϵ????ӦС??3.5???????н?Ӧ??30°~40°֮?䡣
????6 ?ڸߴ????в???ṹ??ʱ??Ӧ???蹤??ƽ̨??
????7 ?????㹻??ȫ??????ȫ???ȷ?????Ʒ??
????10??5 ???˵???????е??װ??
????10??5??1 ʩ???ֳ????˻?е?????豸Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ???????ٿ???ʽ??????????????ٶȲ?Ӧ????0.15m/s??
????2 ??????ƶ???Ϊ????ʽ??????ʱ?ƶ????ɿ???
????3 ?????????Ӧ??????װ?á?
????4 ?????豸??????Ǿ?Ӧ?ӵأ??ӵص???Ӧ??????4Ω??
????10??5??2 ??????˿??Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ??˿???İ?ȫϵ??????С??14??
????2 ??˿????10??ֱ?????ȷ?Χ?ڶ?˿???????ô????ܸ?????5%??
????3 ??˿????ͷ?˲??ý???????֬???????ף??׹ܽ½?????????Ͳ??ͷ?????????̶???
????4 ??˿???????ھ?Ͳ?ϵİ?ȫȦ??????С??3Ȧ????ͷ?ھ?Ͳ?Ϲ̶??ɿ???
????10??5??3 ?????????̶???˿??Ӧ???ϱ?10.5.3?Ĺ涨??????????಻??С?ڸ?˿??ֱ????6??????ͷ?లȫ?????ľ??벻??С??140mm???????????ڸ?˿??????һ?࣬??????????????????????

??10.5.3 ??˿??????ѡ?ñ?
????10??5??4 ʹ?û???Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ???ֵ?????ֱ?????˿??????ֱ??֮?Ȳ???С??40??
????2 ????????Բ???뾶Ӧ?ȸ?˿??????뾶??5%~7.5%???????С?ڸ?˿??ֱ????1.5????
????3 ??˿?????????ֵ?????ƫ?Dz??ô???4°??
????4 ???????ֺ͵????̶ֹ??ɿ???
????10??5??5 ???˵???Ӧ???????¹涨??
????1 ????ʩ????Ҫ???????ij?????????ÿ??100kg???е????ṹǿ????ơ?
????2 ???????????ǿ??????һ0.4m2???????Ӧ?ܳ???1500N?غɵ????á?
????3 ?????ڿվ??߲???С??2m??????ÿ??ռ?ݵĵ????????С??0.2m2??????ˮƽ???ţ???߶?Ӧ??????1.95m???????пɿ???????װ?á?
????4 ??????Ӧ???㹻?????????????ⰲװ???ֻ򻬶?????ѥ??
????10??5??6 ?ֹ?????Ӧ?߱??㹻??ǿ?ȡ??նȺ??ȶ??ԡ?
????10??5??7 ?????????????ڵ????????У?????Ӧ?ܳ??ܶ????ƫ???ƶ??Լ???ȫװ?ö???ʱ?????ij???????????ι̡?
????10??5??8 ??????????еӦ???????°?ȫװ?ã????????????ɿ???
????1 ????λװ?ã?????λ???أ???
????2 ?ϼ?????λװ?ã?Խ?̿??أ???
????3 ????λװ?ã?????λ???أ???
????4 ????????װ?á?
????5 ???ٱ???װ?á?
????10??5??9 ??????????е???г???ڴ???Ӧ??ʾ??ȫ??????̺????ع涨?????????źź?ͨ????ʩ??

????11 ?????ṹ?????밲װ
????11??1 ?????ṹ????
????11??1??1 ????????Ӧ????????Ҫ??
????1 ????ͨ????????Ȳ???С??1m???????ÿ?80mm?Ļ?ɫ?????????ͨ???ڲ??öѷ???Ʒ??
????2 ?ܿ????õİ?ȫ?ߵ????װ?Ϊ?????ְ壬?ٱ?Ӧ???ô??е??Ű?ĸַ??????ˡ?
????3 ??????Ӧ?????нӵ????????õ??豸???????̹?Ľӵػ????װ??Ӧ??ӵ????ɿ????ӣ??ӵص??費?ô???4Ω?????????ߵ??ظ??ӵص??費Ӧ????10Ω??
????4 ???估???????????????㣬?????ƾ?Ӧ???б??õ?Դ??????ֵ???λ????????Ҫͨ????¥?ݡ??????ڴ??????Զ?Ӧ???Ƶȡ?
????11??1??2 ?????ṹ?????????豸???????̹??????Σ?ղ?λӦ???Ұ?ȫ??־??
????11??1??3 ??????ҵӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ???????Ӧ?пɿ??Ľӵػ???㱣????
????2 ???͵纸??ҵ?˽??и??룬???õ纸????????????Ӧ??????1.8m??
????3 ?????ֳ??䱸?㹻??ͨ?硢??????ʩ???к??̳?Ũ??Ӧ???ϱ?4.6.2?Ĺ涨??
????4 ¶??ƴװ????ʱ??Ӧ????????
????5 ?ߴ???????ҵ?????Χ???·??????ϻ????????ķ?Χ?ڣ?Ӧ?????????ȼ???ױ???Ʒ?????????㹻????????ġ?
????11??1??4 ????????Ȳ???й???ϵͳӦ???????¹涨??
????1 ????????Ȳ??·?????????????ʱ??Ӧ???涨???ýӵ?ϵͳ??
????2 ????????Ȳ??·????????????֮???ԵӦ???á?
????3 ??????Ӧʹ?÷?????????
????4 ?䱸???㹻????????ġ?
????5 ?????ޡ???????Ӧ???ڼ??飬???ñ?ʶ??
????6 ????????Ȳʹ??????Ӧ????ͨ????ʩ????ֹ????ۼ?????Ȳ?ܹܼ????ֹܵij?????Ӧװ???ػ?װ?á?
????11??1??5 ????ƿ????Ȳƿ?ڹ?װ?????ˡ????桢ʹ???еİ?ȫ????????Ӧ???йع涨ִ?С?
????11??1??6 ?????ӹ??豸?????֡???м?塢????Χ???Ȱ?ȫ??ʩӦ??ȫ????Ч???л𻨽??????п??ܷɳ?????豸Ӧ???е???򱣻??֡?
????11??1??7 ̽????ҵӦ???÷????߷????ʩ???????????¹涨??
????1 ???????߼??????Ӧ?䱸??Ӧ?ķ????þߡ?
????2 ?ֳ?X????̽????ҵʱ??Ӧ??????ȫ???????????Եľ????־??
????11??1??8 ??ɰ??????ҵӦ??ȡ??????ʩ????????????Ҫ??
????1 ?????豸Ӧ??ȡ??????????ȴ?ʩ??
????2 ???ж??????ŷ?ϵͳ?ͳ???װ?á?
????3 ??????ԱӦ?????Ŀ??????????ߺʹ??п??????????Ĺ???????
????4 ??ɰ??Ӧ?????ò?????????ƳɵĹ۲촰?????????Ӧ????ƿ??أ????????????????ϵ?ź?װ?á?
????5 ??????յز?Ӧ???????·??ݡ?????????ˮ??ʩ?ȡ?
????6 ?綯????????װ?ú?????豸Ӧ???÷????͡?
????11??1??9 ???ᡢͿ??Ϳװ??ҵӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 Ϳ?ϿⷿӦ?䱸??Ӧ??????ͻ?ɰ?????????ģ??????????Եķ???ȫ?????־??
????2 ?????ֳ???????ͨ???豸???¿?װ?á?
????3 ???й???????Ա?????Ĺ????????????۾??????????ֻ???ʽͷ?ֻ????ʽ??????ߡ?
????4 ?????Һ???ǹӦ???б??⾲??ۻ??Ľӵ?װ?á?
????11??2 ?????ṹ??װ
????11??2??1 ??װʩ???ֳ????????????㣬??????????Ҫ??
????1 ?ֳ?Ӧ???㹻?Ĺ?Դ??
????2 ??ʪ??λӦѡ???ܱ??ͷ?ˮ???????????з?ˮ??ͷ?Ŀ???ʽ????
????3 Ӧ???д????Ա???Դ??Ӧ???Ƶ????????ġ?
????11??2??2 ?õ???·?˲???װ??©?籣?????ı?Яʽ????䡣
????11??2??3 ѹ???ֹܰ?װӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?䱸??????ͨ?Ź??ߡ?
????2 ???????ڱ???װ??ʾ???ơ?????ȡ?
????3 б????Ӧ??װ???ݡ?
????4 ?ֹ??ϵĺ??Ӱ?װ????ƽ̨?????塢֧?żܡ????֡????˵?Ӧ?ι??ȶ????ٿձ?Ե???иַ??????˻????谲ȫ???ȡ?
????5 ????Ӧ?䱸?㹻??ͨ?硢????װ?ã??????к??̳?Ũ??Ӧ???ϱ?4.6.2?涨Ҫ??
????6 ????ΣʯӦ????ɾ????пɿ???ê?̴?ʩ??
????7 ?????㹻????????Ա????İ?ȫñ????ȫ??????Ե????Ь?ȡ?
????11??2??4 ?????????բ?Ű?װӦ????????Ҫ??
????1 ?Ųۿ?Ӧ???а?ȫ???????˺???ʱ?ǰ塣
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????4??2??12 ʩ???ֳ??????ӣ?
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????2 ?????ݣ???Ҫ??׼????GB 4053.1?????ݲ???Ӧ???????ܲ?????A3F?ĸֲģ?ȫ?????ú??????ӡ?
????3 ????ľ?ݣ???Ҫ????SD 267??GB 7059.1????????
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????4??2??14 ?????漰????ҵ?棬?׷?????ʯ?????¹ʣ??????µ??????????????????ܷ????????ش??¹ʡ????е?ǽ?ĸ߶ȡ???????????Լ???ʯ?۵ij??ȡ??????????Ӧ????Ч??ֹ????????ڷ?ֹ???»??ơ?̮???İ?ȫ??????ʩ??6.1.2?涨??????˵????
????4??2??15 ????????JGJ 46—1988??3.1.2???͵?3.2.1???涨??Ϊ??ֹ?ڽ?????????ҵ???????ڻ?е?豸?????????????·??ȫ???벻???????????????????¹?????֡???ը?¹ʶ??ƶ???
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????6??1??6 ??ʯΧ?߲?????ںӱߣ??????ں??£????У??׷?????е?豸?㷭׹?ӡ???Ա׹???????????¹ʡ??ֳ???????????æ???׷?????ͨ?¹ʡ?Χ?߻????????ֲ??ñ??Ʋ??????????Χ???н?????͹???????ܻᷢ?????????¹ʡ?Χ??ˮ?²??ֿ??ڣ????ܻ?Ӱ?캽????ȫ??????????????????в?????????涨?ķ?????ʩ??????Ϊ?˱????????¹ʷ?????
????6??2 ??ʯ??????
????6??2??1 ??ʯ??????????ҹ??????ҵ??װ??????????ƽ?֡???ѹ?Ȼ?е?豸??ҵ???׷?????ײ???㸲??ײ???????¹ʡ???ˣ??????涨??е?豸?ĵƹ⡢?ƶ????źš???ʾ??װ?ñ?????ȫ?????????ɿ???
????6??2??2 ?ڽ??ӽ???????ʯ?????Ĺ????У???ˮ???ҳ?ˢ??ռꨵ̣????ꨵֲ̾?Ƶ??̮??????ˣ??????涨??Ӧ????ˮ?????ټ????ʩ??????ʱ????ˮ?飻Ӧ???????豸?????ι̣??Է??????ص???ʱ?㸲׹????Ӧ??ꨵ??Ͽ??ܷ???̮???IJ?λ???þ????ߣ???????ж?????????????????ػ???ʩ????Ա????ҵ?????з?ֹ׹?ӵĴ?ʩ?Ͷ?׹??????ʩ?ȵ??豸??
????6??2??3 ??????ѹ????ʵ??ҵ???豸????ʩ?׷????㸲?¹ʡ???ˣ??????涨?????豸????ʩ?????????ι̣????Թ???װ???з??ѡ????ϴ?ʩ??
????6??2??4 ???????¡????????????ײ?????ʯ??Ϊ?????ʯ???ˣ??????涨??????????ͨ??????׼??Ա???????????ߣ?˫????ҵ??????????????????
????6??3 ???¹??̿???
????6??3??1 ????????ʩ???׷?????ʯ???ˣ????????????ڴ????????????????????ܷ???????̮???¹ʡ?Ϊ????????ʩ????Ա?ʹӶ??ڽ?????Ա?İ?ȫ???????涨?1??ͨ????????ˮ?????????赼?ر?ˮ?????ˮ??ʹ????????ˮ????ʴ????ֹ???ʻ????񻯡??2??ͨ????ʱ??????????ȥ????ʯ???ɶ?ʯ?飻??ʱ???ڣ??Է?ֹ????Χ?ҷ绯??ͨ?????õ???ǽ????ʯ?ۣ??????ع?ʯ????ʹ???????ˣ?ͨ???????????Ա?????????????Ա?İ?ȫ???3??????Զ????ĵ??????????????????ȡ?ķ?ֹ̮???????µķ?????ʩ??
????6??3??2 ˮ?繤?̶???ʩ??Ӱ??ְ????????ȫ?????彡???????ؽ϶ࡣ??????Χ?ҵĹ??̵?????ˮ?ĵ??????????????¶??????͵???????????ȱ?????????????????ҵ??Ա???????ѣ??۳?Σ??????????ְҵ???????ж??????????????ж??ȡ??????ҵ?ֳ??Ķ???Σ??Դ??Σ?????أ?????????1??????Ԥ??Χ?????????2??Ϊ???Χ?߱??Σ?Ԥ???????????ʩ???3??Ϊ???ڻ?еͨ??İ?ȫ?涨???4??~??6??Ϊ?????????????????????ж??̳??Ĵ?ʩ???7??Ϊ??ˮ??ȥ??ʪ???ṩ??????ҵ??????ʩ???8??Ϊ????????????롢????ʩ???йؼ??Ҫ???4.6.6??˵????
????6??3??3 б????????????ҪΣ??Ϊ?ߴ?׹?????˺???Ա׹?????????????1????2????Ϊ??ֹ??????ʯ?绯???ɶ???׹?估???ߵ???ɢ???׹??????????¹ʣ???ֹ??Ա?ھ???ʧ??׹???????Ĵ?ʩ???3??Ϊ???ݵİ?ȫ????Ҫ????Ϣƽ̨?????ò???4.2.12?Ĺ涨???4??~??6??Ϊ??????????ҵ?????Ĵ?ʩ??
????6??3??4 ??????ʩ??һ????þ?????????????????????????Ա???ô??ܶ???ȫ???ܵ????????ܶ?????????Ϊ??ҵ?????ߵĴ?ų??????????Ͽڹ???ƽ̨??Ҫ????????װж??б???²??????????ڷ?ֹ????????ʱ?ĵ????;?????????뾮?????ˡ???????????????ϴ?ʱ?????????????ת???԰?ȫ????????ˣ??????????50mʱ??Ӧ?????ȶ????????䰲ȫװ?????ڷ?ֹ??????????Խλ???ܳ???
????6??3??5 ??????ʩ???????޵?????ҵ???׷???ȱ??????????????ڹ??????????????Ա????衣?????²??ij??????ؽ?խ????е???????з?æ??Ӧ???Ӵ˴???е?????¹ʵ?Σ???ԡ?
????7 ????????
????7??1 ?ཬ
????7??1??1 ??????Ҫȡ??ʵ?????飬???п1?????4??????SD 267—1988????ƪ??2.1.7???涨??????Ŀ???Ƿ?ֹ?ཬ??ҵ?з??????????¹ʣ?????ڰ?װ???????㸲?????ȵ???ҵ?л?е?˺????ڽ?????ҵ???ȵ?????ڴ??ߴ?׹???˺????ڱ?????ҵ??ƽ̨̮????????ƽ̨?ٱ?׹?????????¹ʡ?
????7??1??2 ??ѧ??Һʹ?õIJ??ϣ???????ǰ?????в?ͬ?̶ȵĶ??ԡ??ж?;????Ƥ???Ӵ????????̼???????????????????????յȡ????⻯ѧ??Һ?л??н϶????ȼ???ױ?????ʴ??ҩƷ??Ϊ??ֹ??Ա?ж??????֡???ը????Ⱦ???????¹ʷ??????ƶ??????涨?????б????4???涨????ָ??ѧ??Һ?ķ?Һ?????????󲻵??Ҷ???Ӧ?????Һ?ף?Ͱ???У?ͳһ????Զ??????ˮԴ???????м???????
????7??1??3 ????DL/T 5148?Ĺ涨???ཬƤ??Ӧ?ܳ???1.5???????ཬѹ?????ڹཬ??ҵ?У?Ӧ???????Ƥ?ܵij?ѹ????????????ĥ???ϻ????𺦶?ʹ??ȫϵ???ﲻ??Ҫ???Ƥ?ܣ?Ӧ??ʱ???????Է????????ˡ?
????7??2 ??ע׮??????????ǽ?????ӹ?
????7??2??1 ?????1????2???ֱ?ο?SD 267—1988????ƪ??4.1.5???涨????Ŀ???Ƿ?ֹ???????ڰ?װ???????㸲??
????7??2??2 ????GB 2893?Ĺ涨???????????Ҫ????Ϳɫʾ?????Է???????˺???
????7??2??3 ?ڲۿ????øǰ壬??Ϊ?˷?ֹ??Ա???е׹????С??ۿڸǰ壬һ????ú?Ȳ?С??4cm??ľ?壬???Ȳ?С??1cm?ĸְ壬???ܾ???2kNѹ?????????ְ??Ƴɡ????г???????????еͨ???ģ??ǰ?Ӧ?ܳ??ܲ?С????Чѹ??2???ĺ??ء?
????7??2??4 ??????ǰ??ʱ??????Ϊ??ֹ??Ա׹???ע׮?׺͵???????ǽ????ۡ?
????7??2??5 ?????涨???辯???־????Ϊ?ڵ????????ڼ䣬??ֹ??????Φ????ͨ?С?ͣ?????Է?ײ???ˡ?????涨Ϊ???ϵ?????ס????ϼ?????ҵ????Ա?????еİ?ȫ??
????8 ɰʯ??????
????8??1 ????
????8??1??1 Ϊȷ??????ʱ??????????ж?Ϻ???Աָ?????߰?ȫ????ֹж?ϳ?????????????϶?????ֹɢ?????ϱ????г?????ѹ???????ˣ????ƶ??????涨??
????8??1??2 ????????ȷ????????ҵ??ԱѲ?ӡ??????????޺????߰?ȫ???????ߵ???0.8m??Ϊ??????ȫҪ??
????8??1??3 ????????װ?ó?????ʯ?ϳ?????ס???????÷??ϰ?ȫҪ??Ĺ???ƽ̨??ʵʩ?˹??ꡢ?????????????û?е???????ɲ??蹤??ƽ̨??
????8??1??4 ????ϵ??????ʩ?????Է?ֹ????????ķ۳?Σ????????Ա??????
????8??1??5 ????ϵ????????ҵͨ???????Ĺ涨?????Ա??ϲ?????Ա??????ϵ?????ߵİ?ȫ??
????8??2 ɸ??
????8??2??1 ??????????SD 567—1988?ڰ?ƪ??5.1.3????ع涨????Ҫȷ????ҵ??Աֵ?ࡢѲ?ӡ???顢ά?޺????ߵİ?ȫ????ֹ?豸?׻??𻵡?
????8??2??2 ɸ????ˮ?繤??ʩ???۳???????Σ??????Ҫ????֮һ????ִ??4.6.2??4.6.3?Ĺ涨?⣬???˰?????Ҫ?????ý????????????ʩ??
????8??3 ??ˮ???˹???ɰ
????8??3??1 ?????涨Ϊ??ɰ??ҵ??Աͨ?С?Ѳ?ӡ????ޡ?ֵ?ࡢ??????ñ?Ҫ?İ?ȫͨ????
????8??3??2 ??ȫ???????ֵĸ??Dz?λ?????׳ߴ磬Ӧ?ܷ?ֹ??Ա׹???????˺???
????8??3??3 ????Ҫ????????ˮӦ??ר?Ŵ??????????ŷţ???Ӧ????ɰ?ӵĻ??պͻ?????????????
????8??3??4 ******************************Ա?˺????????԰?ȫ???????????ʩ???˹涨????װ??????????ҵʱ????ְ????أ????װᶯ??????Ҫ??????????㹻???Ķѷź???Ա??ҵ??ƽ̨?ռ䡣
????8??4 ????
????8??4??1 ????????SD 267—1988?ڰ?ƪ??6.1.4??6.1.5????ع涨???Զ?ȡ?ϻ?е?Ĺ????ȫ?????????а?ȫװ?????˹涨??Ŀ????ȷ????е?豸???к?ά?޵İ?ȫ????ֹ?㵹?¹ʡ?
????8??4??2 Ƥ????????ʯ?????͵???Ҫ??ʽ??Ƥ?????¹???Ҫ???????????л?е??Ͳ????Ա???˺????ص??ڻ?ͷ????β???֡????????ڱ?????ҵ??Ա??Ƥ????????ʱѲ?ӡ???顢ά????ֵ?ࡢ?????еİ?ȫ??
????8??4??3 ??????Ҫ??ֹ?ܿ?Ƥ????????ʱ??ʯ?ϴ?Ƥ???ɳ?׹???????????Ա?????豸??
????8??4??4 ????Ϊ????????Ƥ???????Ķ??ڡ???????ҵ??ȫ???涨??Ѳ?ӡ????ޡ????߰?ȫͨ????????˶?????ˮ??Ҫ??
????9 ??????????
????9??1 ģ?幤??
????9??1??1 ľģ??ӹ?????Ҫԭ????Ϊľ?ģ??ǿ?ȼ???ȫ???????ص??Ƿ?ֹ?????¹ʵķ?????????????SDJ 267—1990??3.1.1??3.3.3???ȹ涨?ƶ???
????9??1??2 ??????Ҫ??ֹ???־⡢?١???ȼӹ??豸??ת???봫????λ?Ļ?е?˺???ľ?Ϸɳ??˺??¹ʡ?
????9??1??3 ????ģ????أ??????ֳ?Ҫ???????豸???ˡ??ڵ??????׷????????????¹ʣ????õ??ߣ?ר???????ȫʹ?ã???ģ?尲װ??????ߴ??ٿ???ҵ??Ӧ???ò???ƽ̨???ߵ??????ˡ???ȫ??????ȫ???ȣ??Է?ֹ??Ա?ߴ?׹???¹ʡ?
????9??1??4 ????????SD 267—1988?ھ?ƪ??2.4.1??2.4.2??2.4.6??????ع涨????Ҫ??ֹ?ߴ?׹???¹ʣ?Ϊȷ????ҵ??Ա??ʩ?????????а?ȫ??ƽ̨Ӧ?л??????Ⱥͷ?????ʩ??
????9??1??5 ??ģ̨????????Χ?Ƚ?խС???̶?????????????ҵ??Ա???ߺͲ????Ŀռ䣬?Է?ֹ??Ա׹???׹???????¹ʷ?????
????9??2 ?ֽ??
????9??2??1 ?ֽ??ǵ??壬?ֽ?ӹ?ʱӦ?ص??ֹ?????¹ʡ?
????9??2??2 ?????ο?SD 267—1988?ھ?ƪ??3.1.8??3.1.9??GB 8196—1987??2.3.1??????ع涨???ƶ???Ŀ???Ƿ?ֹ?ֽ?ӹ?ʱ?˺???Χ??Ա??
????9??2??3 ?ֽ??????ҵ?У?Ϊ????????????Σ????Ӧ???ò?????????????Σ?????¹??ա??¼?????????????Ч?ķ?????ʩ???䷢????ҵ??Ա??????߻???ֵȸ????????Ʒ??
????9??2??4 ????Ϊ?ߴ??????ֽ?İ?ȫ?????涨???Է?ֹ??Ա?ߴ?׹???????¹ʵķ?????
????9??2??5 ????Ϊ?ֽ???????ӵİ?ȫ?????涨???Է?ֹ?纸??©?紥???????¹ʵķ?????
????9??3 ??????????
????9??3??1 ????ϵͳ?豸???Ϊѹ?????????ҽ??ʣ?????Ϊ?ж????ױ????ʡ????ϱ??????ڳ䰱?????????????????к??????ﵽ0.5%~0.8%??????????㣩??ͣ??30min?󣬻???????Ա?ж??????????к??????ﵽ16%~25%?????????????ը??????????SD 2671988?ھ?ƪ??7.4.1????ѹ????????ع涨?ƶ?????Ҫ??ֹ??ը?ͼ????ж??¹ʷ?????
????9??3??2 ?????԰??վ??¥???????е?ͨ???????ݡ????ˡ??źźͷ??׵????˰?ȫ?涨????Ŀ???Ƿ?ֹ?ߴ?׹?䣬??ֹ????ϵ?ź?ʧ????ʹ???????ɻ?е?˺??Լ??׻??˺????¹ʷ?????
????9??3??3 ???ϵͳ?????彡??????ҪΣ?????????ͷ۳????????涨?ڰ??ϵͳ??????????????ʩ?İ?ȫ????Ҫ??
????9??3??4 ??????Ҫ??ֹ?۳?Σ?????޶??ߴ?׹?估?????????¹ʡ?
????9??3??5 ?ڰ?͡????䡢??????ʩ?IJ???У??????涨???þ???????Ҫ??ֹ?޹???Ա???룻???ð?ȫ?????Է?ֹ????е???????????豸?????ð?ȫ?????Է?ֹ??ҵ??Ա׹?䣻????????????????????Ϊ??Ԥ????й©?????????뼱???ж????¹ʵķ?????
????9??4 ??????????
????9??4??1 ?????ο?ѹ??????????ʪ???????õ?????????Ҫ????ƶ?????Ҫ??ֹ?ڻ??????????????з??????硢?ߴ?׹??ͳ?ë??ϴ?????¹ʡ?
????9??4??2 ??????Ҫ?Ƿ?ֹ?ڽ??ּ??Ϻ????Ͽڴ???Ա׹???׹???????¹ʡ?
????9??4??3 ?????涨??Ϊ??ֹ?????????豸©????ɴ??????ˡ?
????9??4??4 ?񵷳???ƽ?ֻ????豸??Ȼ?????ٶȻ??????????ڵ?խ?˶࣬??????ɻ?е???ˡ????????豸Ҫ??Ӧ????Ŀ??ɫ??????????װ?ü??ƹ??ź???ã???????????ҵʱ???Ѿ??档
????9??4??5 ?????涨?е?Ƥ????????̥?????????????Լ???????Ƥ?????ͻ???????ֵ??豸??????Ҫ??Ƥ?????ڰ?װ????ʱ?????ȹ̡???̮????Ƥ??????????˼ӵ?????????Ƿ?ֹ??????????????ʱ????Ƥ???ɳ??????????????ҵ??Ա????˺???
????9??4??6 Ϊ??ֹ?????????¹ʷ?????????Ҫ?????÷??????ˡ????Ű弰??ͨջ?ţ??Է?ֹ??Ա׹??ˮ?У?????ˮ?Ͼ????????þߣ?????????Ա??ˮ???ȡ?
????9??4??7 ???¹??̻?????????????????ʪ???Ҷ????ߴ???ҵ??Ӧ????????͸ߴ?׹????Ϊ?ص㣬??????Ҫ?ο??õ???????ߴ???ҵ???йع涨???ƶ??ġ?
????10 ????????
????10??1 ˮƽ????
????10??1??1 ˮ?繤??ʩ??ɽ??·????ˮ??????????·??????ȫ?????ҹ?·??׼???????????ʩ??????״????ƣ???Ҫ??֤??????ʻ??װж??ͣ?ŵİ?ȫ?????????ƶ??вο???GB 4387—1994??5.1.1??5.1.3????SD 267—1998????ƪ??1.1.3???ȹ涨??
????10??1??2 ˮ?繤??ʩ?????????󣬳???????ܶࡣ???䳵?????????豸??????????ȷ?ķ???涨?????????ʩ??ʵ?ʣ?????????䳵????Ӧ??ȡ?İ?ȫ??????ʩ??
????10??1??3 ?????ο?SD 267—1988????ƪ??2.1?ڵ??йع涨???ƶ????????й?????Ϊ?????????ָ???ࣺ˫?????ָ????????࣬?ҹ?????Ҳࡣ?3????0.6mΪͨ??????Ч???ȡ?
????10??2 ??ֱ????
????10??2??1 ?????豸???ڹ??ҹ涨?????豸?????밴???????й涨Ҫ??װʹ?á?
????10??2??2 ????????JGJ 33—1986??4.1.16????ع涨???ƶ??????????пռ?ָ?豸???????????????????????ƶ??????????漰?ĵ???͵??????Ͽռ䡣
????10??2??3 ?????ο?JGJ 33—1986??4.2.1????ع涨???????赲װ????Ϊ?˷?ֹ?豸??????????ʻ??????㸲?????ߵ??????ù涨??Ϊ??ȷ????ԱѲ?Ӻ??豸?????????ߵİ?ȫ??
????10??2??4 ????GB 6067—1985??1.4~1.9??3.5??4.1?????????ع涨?ƶ???????Ŀ????ȷ?????ػ?е??????Ա??ҵ?????ߡ????ޡ?Ѳ?Ӱ?ȫ???豸???а?ȫ????ֹ????????з????˺??¹ʺ??豸?㸲?¹ʡ?
????10??2??5 ?ο?JGJ 33—1986???Ľ???ʽ???ػ????????????š???ʽ???ػ?????صĹ涨?ƶ???????????ɨ?????Ϊ???豸??????ʱ???????ϵ??ϰ???Ż????û??߷????弰?š??????????Զ?????װ????Ϊ?˷?ֹ?????¹ʡ??????ء??ƶ???Χ?ı?Ե???þ????ź???Ϊ?˷?ֹ??ײ??ʩ?????š?
????10??2??7 ???ּ??ס??Ǹ?ʽ???ػ?е?ڹ???????ʱʹ?ý϶࣬????ͳһ?涨????ˣ????????ʩ????????ʵ?ʺ??????豸??ͨ???????????ƣ??ƶ???Ӧ?İ?ȫ??ʩ???ر????ƶ?װ?á???˿??????ȡ??????ο?JGJ 33—1986?????Φ??ʽ???ػ??????߽ھ????????ع涨???ƶ??ġ?
????10??3 ?»?????
????10??3??1 ?»?????ƽ?ơ?????ʽ??̶??????»??????Ϊˮ??ˮ??ʩ?????е??????豸???????ڹ??ҹ涨?????豸?????밴???ҹ涨Ҫ????а?װʹ?á?
????10??3??2 ??????Ҫ??ֹ?»??ѹ??㸲???»?????????ײ???¹ʺͱ?????ԱѲ?ӡ????ޡ????ߣ?ȷ????????ȫ??
????10??3??3 ?ο?GB 6067??ع涨?ƶ???????Ŀ????Ϊȷ???»??????????豸??ȫ????ֹ??????????????豸?𻵺???Ա?????¹ʡ????У??»?????С????ά????????Ҫ???????ߣ??ߴ??ٿգ?Σ???Դ󡣳?С????????????ʩ?⣬?????䱸??ȫ??????ֹС??????????ͻȻֹͣ??********Ա????Զ????С?????¸ߴ?׹???¹ʡ?
????10??4 ???????ػ?е???
????10??4??1 ?ڲ?????????ػ?е????ǰӦ?Բ??????????????Ƚϣ?ѡ????ʵ???е?ʩ????????ͨ????ƣ???֤??ȫʩ????br /> ????10??4??2 ?????в???ռ??뽨??????С???????GB 6067—1985??5.2.4???涨???·?????ȫϵ??ȡ??GB 6067—1985??2.2.2???涨???·????????нDz???SD 267—1988??ʮһƪ??5.2.7???Ĺ涨??
????????ռ?ָ??????????豸???????ڲ𡢵??????????漰?ռ䡣
????10??5 ??????????е??װ??
????ˮ?繤?̳??е???????ʩ?????????????ȴ???100m??С??300m????????????????????е??װ???????ȫҪ????ȴ???300m??????ʩ??Ӧ????ר?õĿ?ʩ???????豸??
????Ŀǰ??ˮ?繤??ʹ?õ???????еһ???о???????ֹ????ܡ?????????̡????ŵ???Ȳ?????ɣ???ȫ????װ?ò?ȫ???????????????????????ʧ???¹ʣ?******Ա????????ˣ????????????ʱ??????????е??װ????????ȫ?涨????????????е??װ??????ʽͶ??ʹ??ǰӦ?????ء????غͶ??????飬?????????ͷ???Ӧ?????йع涨??
????10??5??1 ???????ѡ?ͺ??ٶȹ涨Ŀ???DZ???ϵͳ????ʱ????ƽ?ȣ????ٸ??ֹ???ʱ?ĸ????غɡ?????ʽ?ƶ????ڶϵ?ʱ??????????ʱ?ɿ????????һ??Ӧ??װ?ڻ??????????Ļ????ϣ????õ?ê????Ӧ?ڳ???25%????????豸?ܱ????ȶ???????????GB 10055—1996??9.2.2??????13.4?ڹ涨?ƶ???
????10??5??2 ??˿????ѡ??Ӧ????GB 8919?Ĺ涨????˿???İ?ȫϵ??????ͷ?̶???ʽ????ȫȦ????˿??Ҫ??????GB 10055—1996??8.1?ڵ???ع涨???ù???涨?໥?????ĸ?˿????????С??2????????˿????????ֱ????С??9mm??ˮ?繤??ʩ????????????еһ??Ϊ??????????????????????ֱ??????һ?????涨Ϊ????С??18mm????ͷ?̶???ʽ??Ը?˿????????Ĺ̽??????Ŀ????ʹ?̶???λ???????????˿???ƶ???????ͬ??GB 13329—1991?涨U?????????˹̽?ǿ??Ϊ??˿???ƶ???????80%~85%??
????10??5??3 ֱ??????GB 13329—1991??3.5.4???е??йع涨??
????10??5??4 ?????ڣ?1??~??3????????GB 10055—1996??8.2.1??????8.2.8??????8.2.9???Ĺ涨???ڣ?4????ȡ??ʵ?????顣??˿???뻬?ֲ?????ƫ?ǹ???????????ⲿ??ĥ????????ɻ??ֲ۱?Ե?Ѷ϶?ĥ???˿???粻?ܼ?ʱ???ֻᵼ?¶???????ˣ?????????????еϵͳ??ƺͰ?װ?????У???Ӧ?ڲ??ྻ?ĵط???????Ҳ??Ӧ?????????????????ϡ?Ӧ??ȡ??ʩ??ֹ??˿???򻷡?Ť?ᡢ???????????????и?˿???ھ?Ͳ?뻬??֮?䡢?????뻬??֮??Ӧ??ֹ????ĥ????ѹ?͹?????????
????10??5??5 ????????ҪΪ????????ṹ????ṩ???????????ڣ?1??~??3????涨?ļ???????????GB 10055—1996??6.6?ڡ???10.1.3?????ƶ???
????10??5??6 ?ֹ?????Ӧ??ר?ŵĽṹ??ƣ?ǿ?ȡ??նȡ??ȶ???Ӧ???????С??ƶ??????١??????غɡ??????غ????õ?Ҫ????߶?????????????????е?ͬʱӦ????һ???İ?ȫ???롣
????10??5??7 ????????????????????????????ķ???͵????????????е??ȶ??????????????ұڹ̶????裬ͨ????װ?ڵ??????ĵ????ֻ???ѥʹ??????????????λ???С?
????10??5??8 ˮ?繤??ʩ??ʹ?õ???ʱ?????豸??????Ϊ??Ա????ʧ??͵???Ԫ?????϶???????????????????ʧ?ؼ???׹??????????????صĺ?????ϡ?????λװ?ö??????Զ??ж϶?????Դ??ʹ??????????λ???ƶ???Ϊ??ȫ??????????ϼ?????λװ???Ƿ?ֹ????λװ??ʧ????????Ա???????????????ж϶?????Դ??????????ͣ?????????????ķ?????????????ֹͣλ??һ?㶼???ռ?λ?ã?Ϊ??????Ӧ??????λװ?á?
??????λ???ض?????Ӧ???Զ???λ???????????????Դ?ѱ??жϣ?ͨ????????????ָ??????????С???????λװ??Ӧ?Ƿ??Զ???λ?ͣ???????ֻ???ֶ???λ????ʹ????????????????ָ????????С???λװ?úͼ?????λװ??֮??ľ??벻?ô???0.15m??????????װ?ú????ٱ???װ?????ڵ???ʧ?ػ????½???????£??ܽ??????ƶ??ڵ???֮?ϡ????޿ɿ??Ķ???????װ?ú????ٱ???װ?õ?????£?Ӧ???ö???ͬ???????ͨ??????????????????????????
????10??5??9 Ϊʹ??????Աѧϰ???ղ??Ծ???????????????е??ȫ??????̣?????????ð?????У???????Ϣ??ͨ?ƶ??????涨??
????11 ?????ṹ?????밲װ
????11??1 ?????ṹ????
????11??1??1 ?????Խ????ṹ??????????????ͨ?????ӵ????????????˰?ȫ?涨???й????????ҵ???????ʩ??Ӧ??4.1.9?Ĺ涨ִ?С?
????11??1??2 ???????й????Ұ?ȫ??־????Ϊ?˾?ʾ???Dz?Ҫ???⿿?????Ӵ???ЩΣ?ղ?λ??
????11??1??3 ??????ҵΣ???Դ??磺???????ࣻ?׷??????????֡???ը???????¹ʣ????ӵ绡???????????۾???Ƥ?????????????в??????̳????ж??????????????ж?????ɳ???ְҵ?????纸?ߴ??????϶࣬??ֱ?ӴӸߴ?׹??Σ???⣬?????ܷ???????ʧ?ȣ??ӿ???׹??Ķ????¹ʣ????⣬??????ҵ?????ܷ?????е???˺?????Ժ?????ҵ?е?Σ???ԣ??????????尲ȫ??????ʩ?????????涨????Ϊ?????硢?????ֱ?ը?????????̳????ж?????Ķ????????绡???˺??????????˺????¹ʷ?????
?????ں?????ҵ?У???Ӧ????4.1.2?涨??Ϊ?????䱸??Ҫ?ĸ????????Ʒ?????Ӹ????????Ʒ?϶࣬?????????λ???з??????֡?ͷ?????????۾?????ȫñ?????????????????֡????????????ס???ԵЬ????ȫ???????????֡???????ߡ????缰Ь?ǵȡ?
????11??1??4 ????????Ȳ??????ȼ?ױ????壬??????ᷢ???Ż?ը??Ϊ??ֹ?????뱬ը?¹ʷ????ƶ??????涨?????п1??~??3??Ϊ??ֹ???????????𣨱????ܵĴ?ʩ???40????????ʩ???5??Ϊ??ֹ????????Ȳй©??ʩ???6????ͨ????ʩΪ??й©????ۼ???ʩ??װ???ػ?װ?ã?Ϊ??ֹ?ػ??????Ȳ?ܣ??????????Ȳ?Ż?ը?Ĵ?ʩ??
????11??1??5 ????ƿ????ȲƿΪ??ѹ??????ƿ??????????Ȳ??????ȼ?ױ????壬?׷??????ֱ?ը?¹ʡ????Ҷ?????ƿ????Ȳƿ???ڹ?װ?????ˡ??????ʹ???еİ?ȫ??????????ȷ?涨???????ϸ?ִ?С?
????11??1??6 ?????????İ?ȫ?涨????Ϊ??ֹ?????ӹ???????Ƶ?????????????¹ʣ?
????1 ?????ߵľֲ????????????????ת??λ???˶???λ????ɵ??˺??¹ʡ?
????2 ???????????????ײ??ɵ??˺??¹ʡ?
????3 ?????߱??ɽ???ɰ??ϸĥ?ϻ???м???˺????ˡ?
???????⣬?????ӹ???????Σ??Ҳ?????أ?Ӧ????????Ա?䱸??????Ʒ??
????11??1??7 ̽????ҵʹ?õ?X???߷???????????˺????????涨??̽?????????????Ƿ???Դ???䱸?????þߣ??Ա?????ҵ?ߣ?????ҵ??ʵʩ??գ???????ʾ?????Է?ֹ??????Ա?????????˺???
????11??1??8 ??ɰ??????ҵ??Ա??????Σ????Ҫ?Ƿ۳?????????????????ɰ??????ҵ?ij????????뽵?????˹涨?????п1??Ϊ?????ʩ???2??????3??????4??Ϊ??????????ʩ???5??Ϊ??????ɰ???????װ?ȫ??????ʩ???6??Ϊ??ֹ??ɰ?????????¹ʵķ?????ʩ??
????11??1??9 ???ᡢͿ??Ϊ??ȼ?ͣ??Һ??б????Ҷ???????ͪ?ȶ????ж????ʡ???ǹ??ʹ???п??ܾۻ????磬??Ϊ?Ż?Դ???????涨????Ϳ??Ϳװ??ҵ?????????????ġ???ʾ?ƣ???????????????ǹʵʩ?ӵأ???Ϊ??ֹ???֣?Ҫ??????ͨ???ʩ???¿ش?ʩ??Ϊ??ҵ???䱸??????????Ʒ????Ϊ??ֹ?????ж??????Զ?????
????11??2 ?????ṹ??װ
????11??2??1 ??װʩ???ֳ?????е?豸?࣬????????ռ??????󣬻??????ӡ??????????㣬??Ӱ???????????밲װ???????׷?????е?¹ʡ??????԰?װʩ??????????ר?Ź涨??
????11??2??2 ????װ??©?籣?????ı?Яʽ????䣨?̣???Ŀ???ǣ???ֹ???ҽ???????Դ????ɾ?Ե??????Ĵ????¹ʡ?
????11??2??3 ????ѹ???ֹܰ?װ???׷????????????¹ʡ??ߴ?׹???????¹ʡ??????̳????ж?????????ļ????ж????Լ???????????Σʯ׹???????¹ʡ?Ϊ??ֹ?????¹ʷ????????ϰ?ȫʩ???????????ѹ???ֹܰ?װ??ҵ?İ?ȫҪ?????п3?????գ?JGJ 46—1988?ھ??µ?9.2.2???涨??
????11??2??4 ?ڸ????????բ?Ű?װ???׷????????¹ʣ?
????1 ??բ?Ųۿڴ???Ա׹???׹?????ˡ?
????2 ??բ?źܸߣ??ڵǸ߹????з?????Ա׹?䡣
????3 ?ֳ??ѷ????????Ϊ??ȼƷ?????????֡?
????4 ????ƽ̨???ػ?ṹȱ?ݶ?̮????
????5 բ????ƴװ??ʧ???㸲??
????Ϊ??ֹ?????¹ʷ?????????բ?Ű?װ??ȫ???????????涨??
????12 ˮ?ַ?????鰲װ?????
????12??1 ˮ?ַ?????鰲װ
????12??1??1 ?????ȵ????Ͽ?????ҵ????ʪ?Ҷ?????????Ӵ????׷???©???봥?硣????????SD 267—1988?ڶ?ƪ1.0.16???͵???ƪ??1.1.10???涨????Ҫ??Ϊ??ֹ??Ա?????¹ʡ?
????12??1??2 ??????ҪΪ??ֹ?ߴ?׹??????????ˣ????иǰ??뻤??Ҫ????????4.2.2??4.2.9?Ĺ涨??
????12??1??3??12??1??4 ????DL/T 5037??SD 267??ع涨?????е?12.1.3????????ҵ??λ?൱??????????ҵ????12.1.4?????ߴ???ҵ?????????????ּܺͲ???ƽ̨???????谲ȫͨ???ͻ????????ּܺͲ???ƽ̨?ij?????Ӧ??????׼??ع涨??ר???????????
????12??1??5 ???????ĥ??ҵ??????ж??к??????̳??ͽ????۳????????涨????ͨ?????????ʩ??Ҫ??ʹ?̳?Ũ?ȿ????ڢ󼶱?׼???ڡ?
????12??1??6 ??????֬??һ???ж??к????ʣ???????֬??ϡ?ͼ???ͪ?????ױ??Ⱦ?Ϊ?ж???ȼ???ʡ??????涨??Ŀ???Ƿ?ֹ???ּ???ҵ??Ա?븽????Ա?ж??¹ʵķ?????
????12??1??7 ??????????ҵ???????Է?ֹ???֡?????͵???˺?ΪĿ?ġ?
????12??1??8 ????????Ҫ?????ǣ?
????1 ??ֹ?ϲ???ҵ??Ա???????ߡ??纸?𻨵ȵ????²?ˮ???ң?????ˮ???ҹ?????Ա??ȫ??
????2 ??ֹ?ϲ???ҵ??Ա׹???????¹ʡ?
????12??1??9 ?????㲿????ɨ??????????????͵Ȳ??ϣ????Դ??׷??ӣ???ȼ??ϵͣ?????ʱ???????ж??ͻ??֡??????Ի????㲿??ʹ?????????ɨ??????ҵ?У?ͨ?硢???????ֳ??????͸?????????˰?ȫ?涨??
????12??1??10 ???ӻ?????װ????ҵ???ߴ????շ?Χ???ٿ????ǻ??ӣ??׷????ߴ?׹???¹ʡ??????Զ?????װ?ȸߴ???ҵ?İ?ȫ???????˹涨?????н??ּܡ?????ƽ̨?????ݡ?????????ȫ??????ȫͨ??????Ӧ???ϵ?4????ع涨??
????12??1??11 ?????涨?У?ƽ̨????߶ȺͿ???Ӧ??֤??ҵ??Ա????????Ƭ????ҵ?İ?ȫ??ת????ƽ?????̣???Ҫ??ֹƽ̨??ҵ??Ա׹?䡣
????12??1??12 ??Ҫ????SD 287—1988??7.12.1???͵?7.12.7???Ĺ涨????????֬?????ӡ?ת????ʹ?õ????ἰ????ȫ????ˢ???ᣬ???Խϴ󣬻ӷ??죬??ʩ????λ??С?????????ж??ͻ????¹ʣ??ʱ????涨????????ͨ?硢???????????͸?????ʩ??
????12??1??13 ??????Ҫ??ֹʩ????Ա׹??????δ??װ??????ӡ?
????12??1??14 ??????Ҫ?Ƿ?ֹ??װ??Ա????????????з???Ļ??飬?Է?ֹ???????????豸?¹ʡ?
????12??2 ?????豸??װ
????12??2??1 ??ѹ????????顢??????װ????װ??λ????ҵ?о??иߴ???ҵ???????????Լ???Ե?͹??˿?????????֡??????涨??ҪΪ??ֹ?ߴ?׹?估?????¹ʵķ????????????????ƽ̨?????Ӿ?Ӧִ?е?4.2????ع涨???ڱ?ѹ????????ҵ??ԱӦ?????ȫ??????????
????12??2??2 ???ݸ??ްӼ??Ź?˾?İ?װ???飬??GIS??װʱ???????Ӧ????ҵƽ̨?ͽ??ּܵ?Ҫ?󡣴???Ĺ??Ӧ????SD 267—1988??ʮһƪ??5.2.12???Ĺ涨?????ݰ?װ?????????????ҵ????GIS?????ڰ?װ???ߺͼ???ʱ???????ĺ???Ӧ????GBJ 148—1990??2.3.2???Ĺ涨???????õ???18%??
????12??2??3 ????SD 267—1988??ʮ??ƪ??5.1.24??????5.1.25??????5.4.2????JGJ 46—1988??4.3.1???Ĺ涨?ƶ?????????Ŀ????Ϊ??ֹ??GIS??װ??ҵ?з???????͸ߴ?׹???¹ʡ?
????12??2??4 ?????涨??Ϊ??ֹ??Ա?Ǹ?ʱ׹????ڸ߲㹹????׹???¹ʵķ?????
????12??2??5 ????????SD 267—1988??ʮ??ƪ??5.2.12???Ĺ涨?ƶ????Է?ֹ??Ӧ??????¹ʡ?
????12??2??6 ?????涨?ں??ӳ???????ͨ????ʩ??????????????Ʒ????Ϊ?˷?ֹ?????̳??Ͷ????˺??¹ʵķ?????
????12??2??7 ?????涨??Ϊ???ᡢǦ?ж??ͻ??ֵķ????????У????ù?ˮ??ʩ???Ա?????һ???Ӵ???????ʱ???????кͳ?ϴ??
????12??3 ˮ?ַ?????????
????12??3??1 ?????涨??Ϊ??ֹ????????Ա??????????????ŷ??????????У?????ֹ???ܷ?????ѹ???缰?????????¹ʡ?
????12??3??2 ????????ʱ?ǰ?ǿ??Ӧ???ϱ???׼??4.2.9???Ĺ涨??
????12??3??3 ?????涨Ϊ??ֹ???Ե????©????ɴ????????¹ʵķ?????
????12??3??4 ?????Dz???SD 267—1988??ʮ??ƪ??7.1.7???涨?ƶ???Ϊ??ǿ??Ե??ֹ?????¹ʵķ?????
????12??3??5 ????Ϊ??ֹ???֣??????ǵ??????֣??İ?ȫ?涨??
????12??3??6 ????Ϊ??ֹȱ?????ж?????ַ????İ?ȫ?涨???????????ɼ?12.2.2??????˵????
????12??3??7 ????Ϊ??ֹ??????ҵ?дӸߴ???Ǹ߹?????׹??İ?ȫ?涨??

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